Marco Polo "Markdi Suvero (born September 18, 1933) is an abstract expressionist sculptor and 2010 National Medal of Arts recipient.

Early life and educationEdit

Marco Polo di Suvero was born on September 18, 1933 in ShanghaiChina, to Matilde Millo di Suvero and Vittorio di Suvero (later known as Victor E.).[1][2][3][4] di Suvero was one of four children, the eldest being Victor di Suvero.[1] His father was a naval attache for the Italian government and the family resided in Shanghai until his father was relocated to Tientsin shortly after the birth of the family's last son in 1936.[3] With the outbreak of World War II, di Suvero immigrated to San FranciscoCalifornia with his family in February 1941 aboard theS.S. President Cleveland.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

di Suvero attended San Francisco City College from 1953 to 1954 followed by the University of California, Santa Barbara from 1954 to 1955.[1] He began creating sculptures while at UC Santa Barbara after reflecting that he couldn't make an original contribution in his philosophy major.[1][3] Under the guidance of Robert Thomas, who allowed di Suvero to take his sculpting course, his work began to flourish.[1][3][6] He transferred to the University of California, Berkeley and graduated with a B.A. in philosophy in 1957.[1][2][5][6]

Art careerEdit

After graduating from college, di Suvero moved to New York City in 1957 to pursue a sculpting artCAREER.[1][2][3] He worked part-time in construction and began to incorporate wood and metal from demolition sites into his work.[2][6] Shortly before his first solo exhibition at Green Gallery, di Suvero was involved in a near-fatal elevator accident on March 26, 1960, while working at a construction site.[1][3][4][5] He suffered a broken back and severe spinal injures; doctors believed he wouldn't be able to walk again.[2][3][4] While in rehabilitation, he learned to work with an arc welder which became critical for later pieces.[2][3][5][6] He made a recovery in four years and could walk without assistance by 1965.[2][4] di Suvero was a founding member of the Park Place Gallery in 1963 with Forrest MyersLeo ValledorPeter Forakis, among others, until the Gallery's closure on July 31, 1967.[6][7][8]

di Suvero protested the Vietnam War, for which he was twice arrested, before he left the United States in 1971.[1][9] During his four-year self-exile, he exhibited his works in the Netherlands and Germany, taught at the Università Internazionale dell'Arte, and lived in Chalon-sur-SaôneFrance where he maintained one of his studios on a barge until 1989.[1][4][10] His French barge, Rêve de signes, has since been turned into La Vie des Formes, an atelier for emerging artists, which has been moored at Montceau-les-Mines since 2009.[1][11][12]

He later returned to the United States and opened a studio in Petaluma, California in 1975.[10] While the Petaluma studio is still active, di Suvero moved toNew York City and opened a studio there.[9][10] He founded the Athena Foundation in 1977 and Socrates Sculpture Park in 1986, both of which function to assist artists.[1][6]

Artistic styleEdit

His early works were large outdoor pieces that incorporated wooden timbers from demolition buildings, tires, scrap metal and structural steel. This exploration has transformed over time into a focus on H-beams and heavy steel plates. Many of the pieces contain sections that are allowed to swing and rotate giving the overall forms a considerable degree of motion. He prides himself on his hands-on approach to the fabrication andINSTALLATION of his work. Di Suvero pioneered the use of a crane as a sculptor's working tool.[13]

Honors and awardsEdit

di Suvero was awarded the International Sculpture Center's Lifetime Achievement in Contemporary Sculpture Award in 2000, the first major award bestowed upon him.[14] In 2005 at the 11th Heinz Awards, di Suvero was the winner in the Arts and Humanities category which came with a $250,000PRIZE.[6][15]

2010 saw di Suvero awarded with a Smithsonian Institution Archives of American Art Medal.[16] He is a 2010 National Medal of Arts winner, alongside Meryl StreepJames TaylorHarper Lee, and Quincy Jones among others.[17] He was presented his award on March 2, 2011 by President Barack Obama.[18][19]

The American Academy of Arts and Letters awarded a Gold Medal to di Suvero in 2013.[20]

di Suvero's sculpture andCAREER were the subjects of the 1977 film, North Star: Mark di Suvero. The film was produced by François De Menil and by art historian Barbara Rose, and featured music composed by Philip Glass.[21][22] The film was released as a DVD in 2012.[23]

Personal lifeEdit

di Suvero currently lives in the Astoria, Queens neighborhood of New York City with his second wife, Kate D. Levin,whom he married in 1993, and daughter.[1][9] Levin, a former City College of New York teacher, served as Commissioner of the New York City Department of Cultural Affairs from 2002 to 2013, and has worked under the Ed Koch and Michael Bloomberg administrations.[24] di Suvero was previously married to architect Maria Teresa Caparrotta, whom he met while living in Italy, but later divorced.[1]